Abbreviations

Abbr Full Name Abbr Full Name
LED Light Emitting Diode CPU Central Processing Unit LCD Liquid Crystal Display
TFT Thin Film Transistor TP Touch Panel
CTP Capacitive TP RTP Resistive TP
HMI Human Machine Interface IF Interface
UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter ESD Electrostatic Sensitive Device
DIN Data Input DOUT Data Output
VIN Voltage Input PWR Power
GND Ground ESD Electrostatic Sensitive Device

Resolution Abbreviations

Abbr Resolution Abbr Resolution Abbr Resolution Abbr Resolution
QQVGA 120×160 QCIF 176×220 QVGA 320×240/240×320 WQVGA 240×400/480×272
HVGA 320×480 nHD 360×640 qHD 540×960 VGA 640×480/480×640
DVGA 640×960 WVGA 800×480/480×800 FWVGA 480×854 HD 720×1280
SVGA 800×600 WSVGA 1024×600 XGA 1024×768 WXGA 1280×720/1280×768/1280×800
XGA+ 1152×864 WXGA+ 1366×768 SXGA 1280×1024/1280×960 WSXGA 1440×900
SXGA+ 1400×1050 WSXGA+ 1680×1050 UXGA 1600×1200 WUXGA 1920×1200
QXGA 2048×1536 WQXGA 2560×1600 UHD 3840×2160

Abbreviations Descriptions

COG

(Chip-On-Glass) These displays are monochromatic passive matrix LCDs. They can be a character or graphic display type, and designed without a PCB. Instead, the LCD's driver/controller is directly bonded to the glass of the display, allowing a more compact size.

Embedded System

A computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical system. It is embedded as part of a complete device often including hardware and mechanical parts. Embedded Systems often have a lot of constraints on aspects like computational resources, power consumption, bandwidth, physical size, and cost. An example of an embedded system might be a microcontroller built into a microwave, air-conditioner, TV, etc.

HDMI

HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface) Allows for information to be sent in a standardized digital format. This interface is quickly becoming the replacement for analog video and is growing in demand. You may be familiar with this term in relation to your TV or monitor – and the HDMI TFT Modules are equally as easy to connect to, you just need a standard HDMI cable.

HMI

HMI(Human Machine Inteface) is any device or software that allows you (a human) to interact with the workings of a machine. This could be as simple as a push button or a single-touch display, or a remote connection operated by a smartphone.

IC

IC (Integrated Circuit) Also referred to as a “chip” or “controller.” This is a small piece of hardware that is responsible for the functionality of a display. Simply put, it is the brain of the display.

I2C Interface

I2C (I-squared-C) interface is appropriate for peripherals where simplicity and low manufacturing costs are important, more than speed. You’ll save development time and I/O lines because of the capability of a microcontroller controlling the device chips with only two I/O pins and software. There are no extra boards or logic required for standard LCDs

LCD

LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) These are either active or passive matrix displays that can display information as text or pixel-by-pixel. Types we offer are: TFTs, COG, Graphic and Character LCDs.

LED

LED (Light Emitting Diode) LEDs are semiconductor light sources that emit light when current flows through it.

MCU MCU (Microcontroller Unit) The MCU of an application is essentially the main computer that sends out all the commands to the various electronic components so the device can perform whatever its functions are.

MVA MVA (Multi-domain Vertical Alignment) MVA could also be helpful remembered as “Multiple Viewing Angles.” This technology in TFTs changes how the sub-pixels in the display are divided and directed when shining through the screen and allow for an easy to read image from nearly any angle of viewing. This is secondary in best viewing angles after IPS technology.

OLED

OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diode) displays are self-illuminating due to their organic material and require no backlight for maximum visibility in all environments. Parallel Interface

This interface requires many more pins because each transmitted bit goes to one paired receiving bit. It’s simple and fast in terms of communication, but at the cost of more occupied pins.

PCB PCB (Printed Circuit Board) A printed board that supports and electrically connects electronic components.

PWM

PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) A type of digital signal used to control the dimming of backlight LEDs.

Reflective

This light mode uses reflective polarizers to benefit from ambient light environments without the need to power a backlight. However, without a backlight these displays suffer in low-light conditions with visibility.

Resistive

This is a type of touch panel that relies on the top layer of the panel to be pressed in and come in contact with the lower layers. The nature of this touch type allows for touch interaction even with thick gloves or objects.

RJ45

This is the technical name for the size and shape of the port that Ethernet cables are plugged into. An RJ45 port can connect with any cable with an RJ45 compatible head, this is not limited to only Ethernet cables.

SPI / QSPI

SPI is a serial interface. Its information is sent in series instead of all at once which allows for fewer pins to connect to. QSPI , or “Quad SPI,” is a more powerful SPI serial interface.

TFT

TFT (Thin-Film Transistor) These are active matrix LCD displays with full RGB color. They exhibit bright color and have the ability to show fast animations and complex graphics.

Through Hole

This is a type of connector that is made up of rows of tiny open holes. The design of this connection is intended to make it much easier to develop and prototype with the display because of how easy it is to connect with a breadboard or Arduino board since it mimics their pin layout. In a VFD, the Through Hole is formed on the insulating layer connecting the anode electrode to the wiring pattern.

Transflective

This light mode uses both reflecting and transmitting properties, making it the most versatile. These displays perform adequately both in direct sunlight and low-light conditions.

Transmissive

This light mode depends on the power of a high brightness backlight. These displays are good for low-lighting viewing, but not for direct light conditions.